HIPAA may be twenty-two years old but the HIPAA Security Rule—which assures the security of confidential electronic patient information—hit its twenty-year mark just this year.  HIPAA was signed into law in 1996 to protect Americans from losing health insurance coverage when changing jobs or dealing with a lay off and to protect the privacy and security of individual health information. Rules that govern HIPAA’s implementation requirements include the Privacy Rule and the Security Rule, which followed the initial rule 2 years later, issued in 1998.